Dr. Daniel A. Smith, President of ElectionSmith, is University of Florida Research Foundation (2010-2012) Professor of Political Science. He served as Director of the Political Campaigning Program at the University of Florida from 2007-2011. Professor Smith received his PhD in Political Science from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1994, and dual BAs (Phi Beta Kappa) in Political Science (Foreign Affairs) and History from Penn State University in 1988.
Professor Smith’s research is motivated by furthering our understanding about how political institutions affect political behavior across and within the American states. He has published more than forty scholarly articles on politics and elections in the American states in the leading political science journals, including discipline’s most esteemed outlet, The American Political Science Review. His path-breaking book with Caroline J. Tolbert, Educated by Initiative: The Effects of Direct Democracy on Citizens and Political Organizations in the American States (University of Michigan Press, 2004), examines the “educative effects” of the institution of direct democracy on voter turnout, citizen engagement, and political efficacy, as well as the indirect impact citizen lawmaking has on interest groups and political parties. Smith’s first book, Tax Crusaders and the Politics of Direct Democracy (Routledge, 1998), investigated the financial backing and the populist-sounding rhetoric of three anti-tax ballot initiatives: Proposition 13 in California (1978), Proposition 2 1/2 in Massachusetts (1980), and Amendment 1 in Colorado (1992). He is also the coauthor, with Todd Donovan and Christopher Mooney, of a widely-used textbook, State and Local Politics: Institutions and Reform (Cengage/Wadsworth, 2012), now in its 3rd edition.
Among many other topics, Professor Smith has written extensively on the history of the adoption of direct democracy in the American states, the campaign financing of ballot measure campaigns, initiatives and referendums that have attempted to reform ethics and elections in the American states, the popular support and fate of redistricting initiatives, the impact of anti-gay marriage measures on candidate elections (including the 2004 and 2008 elections), and the priming effects of initiatives raising the minimum wage. More broadly, he has studied the effects of campaign financing and electoral processes in the states, and has written several articles examining the politics of redistricting and voting rights in both the American states and in Ghana, West Africa.
Professor Smith serves on the Board of Directors of the Ballot Initiative Strategy Center Foundation (BISCF), a nonprofit organization based in Washington, DC, and is a member of the Board of Scholars of the Initiative and Referendum Institute at the University of Southern California.
Smith also has extensive international experience. In addition to giving invited talks in China, Germany, Switzerland, and numerous African countries, he served as a Senior Fulbright Scholar at the University of Ghana in 2000-01 and a Research Associate at the Center for Democratic Development – Ghana in 2011. He has written widely on contemporary Ghanaian politics and democratic consolidation, focusing on issues of electoral irregularities and legislative apportionment and redistricting, and has served as a consultant for the National Democratic Institute (NDI). He is currently co-PI of a major US State Department Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs grant bringing Francophone West Africans and American elected officials and voting rights experts together to better understand voting and the electoral process in Trans-Sahara Africa and the US.
A seasoned observer of ballot initiative and candidate campaigns around the country, as well as voting rights and redistricting in Florida, Professor Smith’s commentary has appeared in or has been heard on numerous news media, including The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Economist, USA Today, The Washington Post, The Los Angeles Times, BBC, National Public Radio, Voice of America, MSNBC, and ABC, CBS, Fox, and NBC News.
Professor Smith has provided testimony to Congress, the state legislatures of Colorado and Florida, and the British House of Lords. He has advised numerous groups, including the US Chamber of Commerce and several US embassies and civic organizations in Africa, on voting and electoral practices in the American states. He has served as an expert witness in numerous legal cases dealing with ballot measures, campaign finance laws, redistricting, and voting rights, and was lead author of the “Direct Democracy Scholars” amicus brief in Doe v. Reed, which was successfully argued by the Attorney General of the state of Washington before the US Supreme Court in 2010.