Research here:

Daniel A. Smith. 2001. “Homeward Bound? Micro-Level Legislative Responsiveness to Ballot Initiatives,” State Politics and Policy Quarterly 1 (1): 50-61.

Josh Huder, Jordan Ragusa, and Daniel A. Smith. 2011. “The Initiative to Shirk? The Effects of Ballot Measures on Congressional Voting Behavior,” American Politics Research 39 (3): 582-610.

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